The literary movement of Romanticism in Britain originated as a direct response to the growing industrialism. Writers in the second generation of the movement, born in the 1790s, used their popularity to speak out again the emphasis on science and technology by focusing their works on subjects of nature and self-reflection. Poets like John Keats and Percy Shelley, specifically, were drawn to traditional forms of poetry like the Greek ode. In Keats’ and Shelley’s Romantic poems, the speakers use aspects of nature to portray human emotion through displaying elements of impermanence, the perils of life and metaphorical references. In John Keats’ “Ode to a Nightingale”, the speaker is forlornly listening to the singing of a nightingale and wanting to drink away his pain. The speaker realizes that he is mortal and lonely, wishing to end it all and die, finding himself in a state of consciousness where he does not know if he’s awake or asleep. The speaker isn’t envious of the bird’s happiness, but feels that it shouldn’t broadcast its happiness so much. Many themes come to mind such as joy. The speaker is very pessimistic and romanticizing death, ready for the fate of all human beings.”I have been half in love with easeful death, Call’d him soft names in many a mused rhyme.” He seems excited for death to catch up after him in a “I could die happy” moment.In Percy Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind, the speaker, in desperation, is calling out to the West Wind. The speaker worships and admires it’s strong and resourceful qualities. They admire that the wind possesses the freedom it does. The speaker wants to be free as well because they are stuck in the perils of life. We can see this when he exclaims to wind. “Oh, lift me as a wave, a leaf, a cloud! I fall upon the thorns of life! I bleed!” But, the speaker feels that hope may be near, he finds a sense of optimism in knowing that if his life’s winter is now, spring is sure to follow.In conclusion, Keats and Shelley’s poems have numerous similarities and differences. Both narrators are descriptive on their views on life, but the speaker in ”Ode to a NIghtingale” is pessimistic and the speaker in ”Ode to the West Wind”. The speaker is more comfortable accepting his fate knowing all humans are mortal, and is uncertain how how much happiness he wants to attain. The speaker in ”Ode to the West Wind” is more curious with what lies beyond death. More life? Or no meaning at all? Using seasons as metaphors as the winter represents cold and loneliness and spring as new beginnings.