The legislation in construction, it would be

The relatively poor health and safety record of the
construction industry although over the last couple of years has vastly improved,
there is still a need for greater awareness of the relevance of health and
safety regulations and legislations especially in relation to the handling,
storage and use of materials.

 This report will
attempt to discuss the construction of foundations of commercial highlighting
the various materials used in the process, as well as discussing the pieces of
legislation pertaining to the safe use of these materials.

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When discussing health and safety legislation in
construction, it would be impossible to fail to discuss the Health and Safety
at Work Act (HASAWA) of 1974. It is the main piece of legislation which covers occupational
health and safety in the United Kingdom. It is an act of parliament and as such
is referred to as a primary legislation. The act and its Regulations are
enforced by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) which itself was established
as a result of the HASAWA. The HASAWA imposes duties on employers to safeguard
the health and safety of their employees. In addition to this, employees must
also protect the health safety and welfare at work of people on their premises
‘so far as is reasonably practicable’. The HASAWA also allows the government to
pass regulations, guidance and Approved codes of practice (ACOP’s) for
employers. A sustaining principle of the act was the shift from a prescriptive
approach to health and safety to a system of risk management. Employers were
required to identify hazards and assess the likely impacts with a view to
minimising the associated risks.

Aside the HASAWA, there’s also the Construction (Design and
Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015), one of the most important regulations
in the construction industry alongside the HASAWA 1974. Its purpose is to
ensure that health and safety is considered during all stages of a project from
design to construction to maintenance. The current version of the report came
into effect in 2015 and describes:

·       The law
which affects the construction process on all levels across the entire industry

·       what each
duty holder should do to conform with the law and ensure projects are carried
out in a way that secures health and safety