Recently, the topic of prejudice, stereotypes, and

Recently,
the topic of prejudice, stereotypes, and
discrimination is abundantly present in our society. Members of the various
groups are literally not understood, although they mention the same terms as
rights, protection, freedom, and equality.
Obviously, these are the common values
??of the majority of people in our society, but if we divide these people into different
groups chaos and disagreement start to
happen. Before we start to identify a
group in the UK who face prejudice and discrimination lets explain what
prejudice and discrimination really are. Prejudice
is an attitude. Prejudice is followed by emotions, beliefs, thoughts, and behaviors that are the result of the first
two components. It can be positive and negative. Prejudice in the context of a
negative attitude on others can be defined as hostile or negative attitude
towards members of a recognizable group of people based solely on their
membership in that group. While on the other hand discrimination is any unjustified distinction or unequal treatment
to some people or groups of people as well as to members of their families or
their close ones, openly or covertly. Now we can talk about a specific group in
the UK that faces these inequalities which is the LGBT community.

Like
other marginalized groups, LGBT people, historically speaking, are exposed to
oppression in the form of abuse and violence; discrimination in areas such as
employment, housing, access to education and human services, as well as laws
that have also actively discriminated against them or failed to protect
fundamental human rights. For a number of years, this oppression served to keep LGBT people invisible. At the same time,
the predominant image of LGBT people was the flagrant stereotypes that encourage
homophobia and heterosexism. Although the situation is slowly changing, LGBT
people are still faced with multiple forms of social oppression. Violence
threats are part of the everyday life of a large number of LGBT people,
particularly young people. Rivers and D’Augelli documented the stunning share
of LGBT people who were exposed to peer violence, abuse and physical violence
in different environments including their neighborhood, home and school; and by
various groups of individuals such as peers, parents, and teachers. Regardless of the lack of such research, it is enough
to read the newspapers or watch the evening news to see the dramatic nature of
various acts of hatred towards young LGBT people. (Rivers, I., & D’Augelli,
A.R. (2001). Different forms of discrimination and oppression, supported by
legislation and other forms of legal action, explicitly exclude LGBT people
from the enjoyment of rights and protection that is accessible to most
citizens. This includes the adoption of laws prohibiting same-sex marriages,
which sexual activities among people of the same sex include in criminal law,
prohibit the same-sex couple’s adoption
of children and prohibit LGBT people from joining the armed forces. In
addition, the omission of sexual orientation into human rights legislation
leaves the door open for discrimination based on sexual orientation, including
employers refusing to employ LGBT people or wanting to release them, housing
owners who refuse to lease LGBT people and courts that take sexual orientation
into consideration when deciding on
custody of children. “Extending the psychological study of
sexual orientation to adolescence clearly has generated important findings, as
well as significant challenges to our previous understanding of sexual orientations
over the lifespan.” (R. D’Augelli and
Charlotte J. Patterson, 2002. 296 pp). This volume summarizes conceptual
frameworks. Oppression, rejection,
discrimination, harassment, and violence
have a negative effect on physical and mental health both among adults and among
adolescents LGBT populations. A study involving gay men clearly established the
link between internalized homophobia, stigma (expectation of rejection and
discrimination) and real experiences of anti-gay violence and discrimination
against negative mental health effects (Meyer, 1995).

To
focus on empowering the groups being discriminated against to resist the negative
impacts of discrimination there are multiple support groups for LGBT community members throughout the UK. One of
those is Consortium which is a wide
network that offers lesbian, gays, bisexual,
transgender people voluntary and community organizations
in the UK. They offer counseling and organized assistance to specific groups and/or communities through which persons of similar experience are
advised by other people. Organized assistance is an important source of
information and support for LGBT people; many have received support,
understanding, and information crucial
for their own self-crushing and coping with homo/
bi/transphobia. We can also mention a vital organization for LGBT community which is called Coming Out the UK. It aims to provide safety to people who
want to come out while giving them constant
love and support. Organizing parades also help
them feel more accepted and help them
become more comfortable with their sexuality. The counseling center can also be
off for helping
curing anxiety, depressed mood, low self-esteem, problems with intimate
relationships and communication with a partner, inadequate communication within
the family, and so on.We should focus on reducing discrimination and prejudice
in the groups doing the discrimination.With that being said it is important to
educate them on human rights and human nature that is the freedom to express
love to whoever they want. We need to
work hard to promote tolerance towards diversity
because a society that does not tolerate LGBT community
is a society that does not tolerate those who are minorities by any other
criterion. For example, old people do not get the same treatment as younger generations, and old age is what is waiting for
us all. We must stop believing in the myth that it is so easy to divide people
on the basis of one characteristic and by virtue of one characteristic to
evaluate them. With education and quality information,
people come to realize that prejudices of
any kind are not good. They have destructive consequences for the mental health
of people, both those who suffer discrimination, and those who have a negative
emotion and prejudice on their own on any ground.