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Lola DurodolaMany think that domestic violence only involves physical abuse, however there is more to domestic violence than hitting, kicking, pushing and slapping. Domestic violence is any behavior that has the purpose to gain power and control over a spouse, partner, girl/boyfriend or intimate family member (Acesdv, 2017). Abuse is a learned behavior; it is not caused by anger, mental problems, drugs or alcohol, or other common excuses (Acesdv, 2017). This type of violence can also be mental, sexual or verbal abuse. This includes acts of physical aggression, psychological abuse, forced intercourse and controlling behaviors. Victims of domestic violence suffer from long-term negative consequences. This directly impacts the victim, close friends, and even the children of the victim. Effects of domestic violence often include mental illness, physical injury, and social isolation. Close friends of the victim can also suffer from a feeling of helplessness and neglect. Children of the victim may undergo emotional distress, which can also lead to mental illness such as the victim.One in four women will experience domestic violence during their lifetime (Methodist Healthcare, 2015). Domestic violence causes many varying negative effects.  First of all, victims can suffer from long-term psychological damage. These psychological damages range from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and drug abuse. A study by Dutton et al. reported that the risk of developing depression, (PTSD), substance abuse issues or feeling suicidal was three to five times higher for women who have experienced violence in their relationships compared to women who had not. Being abused on a regular basis can force an individual to believe they are unworthy of life or love. Resulting in them observing life from a negative perspective, which can also lead to a form of depression. It is very common for victims to develop symptoms of PTSD due to the violence. These symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety and uncontrollable thoughts (Mayoclinic, 2018). PTSD becomes a burden for victims who are dealing with it for a long amount time. Thus, making it challenging to acknowledge and conquer the disorder. Consequently, the physical damage of domestic violence can also be very expensive. For example, domestic violence will make it difficult for victims to concentrate at work, which may influence further productivity. Not to mention,  physical health costs caused by domestic violence are not only prompt but also long-term. The treatment used for domestic violence related injuries is usually ongoing, meaning that victims need to pursue health care services at multiple times, which is very expensive. These factors impact the victims quality of life, productivity, and opportunities. In summary, domestic violence can severely affect the victim’s mental health and financial aid.The backlash of domestic violence isn’t only applied to the victim, it also has a huge influence on the child of the victim. As a matter of fact, guardians significantly affect the way a child’s identity develops. Children need a safe nurturing environment to grow up healthy, and learn good coping skills. The way a child is treated when they’re little reflects upon adulthood. Kids trust that what they see at home is “typical.” If the house is protected and cherishing and has great limits, that turns into the standard. In the event that violence is how people in the home solve issues, that turns into the model for how things should be solved. Children that experience childhood in rough homes is highly affected by the violence. Domestic violence can be traumatic for any child who witnesses it. In fact, any serious trauma inexperienced during a child’s development can interfere with the brain and development of the child. Their problem-solving and social skills can be negatively affected. Abraham Maslow’s Transpersonal Theory of Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence Hierarchy of Needs explains that there is a natural tendency of people to express their innate potentials for love, creativity, and spirituality. According to Maslow, in order for an individual to self-actualize successfully, a nurturing environment, providing all basic needs and social support. A child who witnessed domestic violence will be unable to set up survival, security, and a sense of being loved, not allowing him the ability to transcend to the higher levels of creativity and spirituality.Studies prove that children from violent homes, who witness their mothers being abused by their fathers, experience the same intensity of emotional distress as children who are  physically battered (Healthy Place. 2017).When they see that it is okay for their caregivers to be fighting they may feel as it is alright to be forceful towards their friends and family, which leads to a repeated cycle of harsh and physical abuse. Children, who witness their fathers abusing their mothers suffer the same behavioral and emotional distress as children who are abused themselves. Children who grow up in violent households may go through different behaviors and emotions, such as, poor social skills, anxiety, and depression, and may become violent towards threats.  To conclude, the trauma caused by domestic violence for children can cause negative impacts like psychological instability, stress, and poor correspondence and thinking skills.Another person who will get affected by the consequences of domestic violence are the victim’s close friends. They do not experience direct violence like the child of the victim and the actual victim, but they are still in fact being affected in a negative way. In an abusive relationship, the abuser tends to be very controlling and will indeed isolate the victim from friends and family. The victim ends up losing contact and support from their friends and extended family.When the contact between the victim and friends cease to exist it can leave the friends very confused. They may not know what is going on, leaving them very confused towards the situation. They may believe they are being neglected and feel sad. On the off chance that the victim’s companion discovers that their companion is being abused, and they can’t interact with them, they may feel a kind of sadness, helplessness, or guilt towards the casualty. Then again, when the companion learns about the circumstance, they will warn the victim about the abuser and attempt to persuade them to leave them. It usually will take the victim a long measure of time to leave their abuser. According to doctoral student, Rola Aamar, there are 4 reasons why a victim may continue to stay with their abuser. These reasons include of fear, children, and financial pressure. The victim constantly refusing to leave the abuser will frustrate the friend and result in them exhausted of warning them over and over about the relationship. In short, domestic violence can influence a victim’s companion to feel isolated from the sudden loss of contact, and frustrated from the constant cycle of warning the victim to leave the abuser. In short, domestic violence is a very serious matter. Anytime a partner uses excessive power to gain control over the other is classified as domestic violence (Helpguide, 2017). There are many people who suffer from domestic violence, including the victim, their children  and close companions of the victim. Victims can experience, depressing thoughts, emotional distress, Post traumatic-stress disorder, physical injuries, isolation and financial instability. Children need to grow up in a safe environment to grow to full potential. As a result, when children witness their caregivers fighting, it can influence them to become more harsh and abusive in the future,which can repeat the cycle of violence, and become emotionally distressed. Lastly, domestic violence will also affect the close friends of the victim. When the companion constantly attempts to warn the victim to abandon their abuser, and the victim refuses, despite being always being violated and maltreated, the companion will be frustrated. The companion may also struggle with understanding why the victim is not contacting with them, which may cause them to feel a sense of neglect. Society should spread awareness about domestic violence. It is viewed as something very dangerous that should be taken very seriously.