as numerous backgrounds are used to substantiate the historical roots of
globalization, several scholars have also coined different meanings for the
term globalization. Globalization refers to the multiplicity of linkages and
interconnections between the states and societies which make up the present
world system. It also implies intensification on the levels of interaction,
interdependence between states and societies, which constitute the world
community. In consonance with the plethora of scholarly definitions, (O’Neil
2007), defines globalization as “a process by which the web of global
connections becomes increasingly “thick”, creating an extensive and
intensive web of relationships between many people across vast distances.”
Politically, globalization has led to worldwide preference for democracy.
Culturally, globalisation has led to the trade of identical goods to distant
countries and massive migration of people (Mittelman, 1996). Economically,
globalisation is a process which leads to a situation where national economies
are closely linked to a world economy. Under globalisation, production and
finance are being organized in cross-border networks without much regulation.
(Herald et al, 1998). Free movement
of people, free trade and international cooperation are all as a results of the
formation of a ‘global village’ where an injury to one is an injury to all.
winds of globalization are blowing across Sub-Saharan Africa, In hundreds of
cities and towns, there is the advent of effective and efficient communication
and transportation systems, an influx of multinational corporations across the
region, the flags of democracy billowing all over the region, an influx of
intergovernmental organization, in the sub-region, etc.
critical consideration of the above evidence of globalization in sub-Saharan
Africa suggests that globalization has been of a great benefit to the region. Globalization
has enabled sub-Saharan countries to have access to goods and products they are
unable to produce. Globalization as a phenomenon has largely accounted for the
annual organization of various sporting activities in the sub-Saharan region of
Africa. In addition, the engagement of countries of sub-Saharan Africa in
international trade and investment enable them gain access to a much higher
level of technology. Moreover, the openness of sub-Saharan African countries to
the global economy can provide the infrastructure developing economies need for
growth. Fourthly, globalization encourages governments to adopt and implement
more appropriate and prudent economic policies. Finally, globalization provides
a fertile soil for political freedom for sub-Saharan countries.
spite of all, globalization also poses some challenges to sub-Saharan
countries. These are as follows: marginalization in world trade,
marginalization in the world financial market, Income inequality between the
rich and the poor countries, erosion of national control of governance and
culture, etc. More importantly, the globalized world has led to an increased in
cross border crime such as money laundering, drug trafficking and wide spread
fundamentalism across regions that have increased social tension and
brief, globalization as a phenomenon has spread its tentacles all over the
world with sub-Saharan Africa inclusive; as a phenomenon, globalization comes
with several blessings and challenges which countries in sub-Saharan Africa
must institute measures to meet squarely.