Introduction Barthel (2014) explain how natural disasters

Introduction

Disasters
have many detrimental effects not only on the environment but to animal and
plant life. People strategize on effective ways of containing a disaster
through the allocation of resources on both local and international level.
However, once a disaster strikes it disapproves the preparedness of human
beings and may have both short- and long-term effects.

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Literature Review

A
nuclear accident that happened in Fukushima is a disaster that affected human,
nature, animals, and agricultural activities. The disaster was caused by an
earthquake that resulted in a tsunami leading to the destruction of a nuclear
power plant. According to Nakata and Sugisaki (2015), the radionuclides from
the nuclear plant contaminated water systems, both fresh and marine waters.
Watson, Gayer, and Connoly (2007) state that natural disasters result in
illnesses and substantial economic loss. They assert that there are various
materials on natural disasters and hence reviewing them might give an insight
on how such incidences result into infectious diseases. Neumayer, Plumper, and
Barthel (2014) explain how natural disasters affect the political economy of a
country. Frequent disasters may lead to market failure or poor developmental
planning. Besides, Plumper, Flores, and Neumayer (2017) state that disasters
can be likened to double-edged sword since they have multiple effects. The
Tohoku tsunami which happened in 2011 showed that past experiences can offer
misleading lessons. Keefer, Neumayer, and Plumber evaluate the impact on earthquakes
and the aspect of disaster-related mortality prevention. The authors state that
governments can significantly minimize death by earthquakes through
constructing quake-proof buildings. Xing and colleagues (2016) show that
particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) cause air pollution and
are likely to cause respiratory system diseases. Chung evaluates the effect of
North Korea’s nuclear weapons on animal and human life, as well as the
effectiveness of the counter-strategies. The deployment of the weapons can have
devastating effects on lives of people and can cause environmental pollution.

Research Question

How
do natural and man-made disasters affect people’s economic, social, and
political life as well as the impacts on the environment?

Theoretical Framework

It
is important to learn from a disaster so as to prevent a similar occurrence or
effect of the same magnitude in the future. A disaster can be natural or
triggered by actions of human beings, and its effects are tremendous and
far-reaching.

Hypothesis

Disasters
are bound to happen but people are never adequately prepared to manage them and
past experiences on the catastrophic experiences do not give enough information
to contain future disasters.