v Constitutional Provisions and Human Rights
Though the fundamental rights stress on the existing rights, the Directive Principles provide the energetic movement towards the goal of providing Human Rights for all. Right to employment under Indian Constitution can be considered in the light of relevant provisions of part III and IV of the Constitution and in particular the following:Article 14: Equality before the law and equal protection of laws within India.Article7: Declaration of Human Rights Article 16: Equal opportunity in the matters of public employment (Article 16).Article 43: Living wage, benefits etc. for workers (Article 43).Article 41: Directs the State to ensure the people within the limit of it economic capacity and development, right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
v The Mental Health Act, 1987
This act was enacted to regulate admissions to hospitals for mentally-ill individuals who do not have sufficient knowledge to seek medical treatment on a voluntary basis and also to protect the rights of such individuals if they are being detained.
v The Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992
The act was passed to normalize the man power development programmes in the field of education of persons with special needs. The objective is to regulate the training policies and programmes in the field of rehabilitation of people with disabilities, to recognize educational institutes which offer courses in diploma, educational institutes offering degree, certificate courses in the field of rehabilitation of the disabled, to recognize and equalize foreign degree, diploma, certificate courses, and to standardize training courses for rehabilitation professionals.
The National Policy on Education 1986
The aim of this act was to provide education, to all the citizens, including people with disability. The objective of this policy is to integrate the physically and mentally handicapped with general community as equal partners and to prepare them for growth and to assist them to face life with confidence.
v The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
As per section 3 of the act, if personal injury is caused to a workman by accident arising out of or in the course of his employment, his employer shall be liable to pay compensation.
v Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, Section 46(c)
According to this act, periodical payment shall be made to an insured person suffering from demobilization as a result of an employment injury sustained as an employee and certified to be eligible for such payments by an authority specified in this behalf by the regulations.
v The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
As per Section 4 of this Act, gratuity shall be payable to an employee on the termination of his employment on his death or demobilization due to accident or disease if he has rendered continuous service of five years.