“I earth system due to several factors

“I say, the debate is over. We know the science, we see the threat, and the time for action is now,” (Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor of Science) When it is stated by one of the world’s most influential people, how could one take serious action if there was no awareness coming from each individual? Whatever actions that humankind makes, there will always be an impact on it. It would engage in social and economic activities. Since the year of the 1990s, humankind has been debating on whether climate change really does exist (Mahone, 2010). When numerous of the geological event had occurred and have been occurring more in the meantime. In evidence, United Kingdom had experienced its hottest heatwave recurrently since 1976 on 7th June until 22nd June 2017. It has reached a decades-high of 34.5 °C. Several people died after swimming while trying to cool off.  “A 15-year-old boy died after getting into difficulty when swimming in a lake with friends in Walsall, West Midlands and an elderly woman died in the sea off the South coast.” (BBC, 2017).  This paper will attempt to prove that in reality, yes, humankind has one of the biggest impacts in contributing the increasing of temperature that affect the earth system due to several factors such as Industrial Revolution, the use of land for cultivation, transportations, which resulted in Climate Change.
  First of all, it all started during the year 1700s in Great Britain. An atmospheric steam engine machinery was discovered by a British Ironmonger, Thomas Newcomen. The use of types of machinery has taken the place of physical work done by mankind. The atmospheric steam engine was used for burning fossil fuels which used continuously since then. It has reached a stage where renewable resources have been replaced by fossil fuels that are used for the primary sector. As the 1800s approached, the use of types of machinery was increasingly spreading at a high rate and began to be known among Europe and North America. The development of technologies has resulted more efficient in producing human basic needs including clothing, housing, food production which consume less time to be produced. (McLamb, 2011). Thus, it resulted in the ability for humankind to produce things faster. Furthermore, the world’s human population grew by 57% to 700 million. Population growth increased the use of natural and man-made resources, energy, land for growing food and for a living, and waste by-products that are disposed of, to decompose, pollute or be recycled. Which led to the increasing needs of resources, energy, food, housing, and land, as well as the increase in waste by-products.
    Second of all, the burning of fossil fuel burning is being produced by many individual and large companies for purposes that include electricity generation, motorized transport, space conditioning, industrial process heat, and so forth. Instead of utilizing their resources effectively, they took actions that worsened the climate change. Big companies that conduct environment-friendly management are likely to increase their costs while no benefits are to be noticed. Moreover, most of their customers attracted to the products instead of the adopted policies. For this reason, many large companies are likely to earn a high profit as possible instead of prioritizing the environment around. In Congo, its natural resources have been exploited by American companies over 1.4 million tons of copper and 270,000 tongs of cobalt that are being extracted over the years (Beard, 2010). Furthermore, by the year of 2000, an Australian mining company that has been operating in Papua New Guinea has extracted a $247 billion market value of resources. (Hilson, 2012)
    On the other hand, in the aspect of individuals also produced just as much negative outcomes. While most of the large companies did not responsible for what they had caused, individuals are the ones who are most likely to be responsible for. Most people neglect environmental-friendly practices and keep content oneself which lead to over consuming. One of the most damaging acts to the environment would be the emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG).  It is stated that an average American can emit approximately 20 tons of GHG per annual, by continuously using gasoline and turning on the heater. (Wagner & Weitzman, 2015). Thus, a massive amount of GHG will ruin the environment significantly.  However, there are numerous ways of reducing carbon emissions, such as reducing personal motor vehicle engine idling (Vandenbergh, Barkenbus & Gilligan, 2008). Though it costs $0, it will reduce the amount of carbon emission immensely (Paravantis & Georgakellos, 2007), only 10% of drivers are actually complying with this idea (National Council for Science and the Environment, 2012). Thus this is an example shows that GHG emission can be greatly reduced if there are more people willing to take action from now by changing their behavior and lifestyle. 
    To summarise, all human activity has the potential to contribute causes of climate change. In most of the countries such as developed and developing countries, humankind is mostly known to have practices such as industrial and land-use practices. In evidence, the case of forest clearing in Amazon Basin. The clearing of tropical forests has the most impact losses in the earth’s living organisms. Mostly due to the greenhouse gases that produced by the humankind,15 percent. The use of slash and burn (cutting and burning) has been used often. (Conklin, 1954. Nye and Greenland, 1966. Sanchez et al, 1982). In that case, deforestation the number of living organisms has decreased in most ways. A large land area is needed to fulfill the human needs. It is to cover the supply of food which is harvesting the crops, medicine, place to stay, etc. However, this may result in damaging the home to some living species that live in the forest which can feel threatened. Furthermore, the mainland that has been used for practices provide important services, such as creating soils, moderating temperatures, reducing soil erosion, cleaning the air and water, and preventing flood and drought (Smith, 1982).
    To conclude, yes, in reality, mankind is one of the biggest factors in contributing the release of GHG and mankind is dangerously harming the environment. It has been studied that these are the main five factors contribute the increase rate of Climate Change which are population change, economic growth, technological change, political-economic institutions, and attitudes and beliefs. Climate change is real and it is happening now. People need to be more aware of taking actions and should think beforehand that can lead to negatives impact.