Boko Haram, the official name is
committed to spreading the Prophet’s teachings and the Jihadis Peoples Army (English: People Committed to the Propagation
of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad, was established in Nigeria in Brno’s
capital Maiduguri, an Islamic fundamentalist organization.
Advocating the implementation of religious laws in
Nigeria against Western education, known as the “Taliban in Nigeria.”
Mainly active in Islamic northern Nigeria state to Maiduguli as “spiritual
home”, the base camp is Jobe and Borno state, the main members from the
Kanuri clan, the current leader Abu Bakar Shekkat. Some members of the
organization are believed to be affiliated with Al Qaeda. His militants often
hacked into areas bordering Nigeria and northern Cameroon, attacking villages,
plundering villagers and sometimes abducting them.
The inhabitants of Maiduguri, the birthplace of
which was named, called the organization Boko Haram in Hausa, in the effect of
“a ban on Western education.” This name is more common than the
official name of the organization. Boko in Hausa means “any non-Islamic
education or reading,” Haram comes from the Arabic ???? meaning
“illegal”, “forbidden”, “sacred” and so on.
Fifty percent of Nigeria’s population is Muslim, with
Christians accounting for 40% -48.2% of its population, Muslims residing mainly
in the northern part of the country and Christians mainly in the south.
Origin of the Name
As the organization strongly opposes the Western education
system, the locals call it the “Boko Haram.” “Boko Haram”
in northern Hausa means “western education is sinful”, and all other
non-Islamic Education “, Haram from Arabic literally means”
forbidden, sacred, metaphorical meaning is sin. ”
The organization opposes Western culture and education for
the purpose of preaching that Western education is the crime of profaning the
religion of Islam. The group advocates strict Islamic law in northern Nigeria.
Known as the “Taliban in Nigeria.” “Boko Haram” opposes
Western culture, modern science, the Western education system, voting against
democratic elections, opposing wearing shirts and wearing shorts. Nigeria is
controlled by unbelievers in the eyes of the organization.
Development and History
In an interview with BBC in 2009, Mohammed
Yusuf, the late leader, said in an interview, “He does not recognize that
the Earth is round, does not recognize Darwin’s theory, does not admit that the
water evaporates and forms rain, because This does not conform to the teachings
of Islam ”
In Jowei State, in 2009, members attacked police stations
using fuel-laden vehicles and poisoned arrows. On July 30, 2009, Yusuf, leader
of the organization, was killed by security forces.
On January 28, 2011, the All Nigerian People’s Party (ANPP)
of Borno State attended the candidate for the April 2011 governor’s election,
the brother of the candidate, four police officers and a boy of 12 years old To
assassination, the organization is considered to be implementers. In addition,
Modu Fannami Gubio, an ANPP candidate, was also suspected of having died in the
organization’s assassination. On February 8, 2011, the group announced the
conditions for peace: they demanded that Borno governor, Sen. Ali Modu Sheriff,
immediately resign and return to all mosques in Maiduguri, the state capital.
On March 29, 2011, in Maiduguri, Borno State, the police lifted a bomb at ANPP
election rally, which the organization placed
the end of April 2013, the Nigerian military killed a leader of the Boko Haram
terrorist organization during a beheading. On May 8, the Independent on May 8
reported that “Boko Haram” retaliated on the 7th and washed 55 people
dead in Bama town in the northeast of the country.
29, 2013 Nigerian militants shot dead asleep about 50 students died: Nigerian
militants broke into a dormitory in a university in the northeast on the early
morning of the 29th and opened fire on sleeping students. Witnesses said the
attack killed at least 40 people.
In 2014, more than 1,000 people were killed in Boko Haram, considered the most serious threat in Nigeria.On the night of 24 February 2014, armed elements of the Boko Haram Al-Qa’eda extermination group at a university in Yobe Bay State, north Niti, killing 29 students. On the same day, armed personnel attacked a boarding school in Damatuluu, a city in northeastern Nigeria. Initially, terrorists shot at school and then set fire to school buildings. The attack eventually killed 43 people, including two terrorists. On April 15, 2014, Boko Haram armed men attacked Qibok. 276 girls were abducted and only 53 of the abducted girls managed to escape. A large proportion of the abductees were sold to militants as slaves or wives at very low prices. Some were sold to men in neighboring countries for prices ranging from $ 10 to $ 15.On May 5, 2014, Boko Haram declared on the 5th that hundreds of school girls were responsible for the abduction in northern Nigeria last month. Brocade chieftain vowed to sell the girls in the market.
On 22 March 2016,
government troops exchanged fire with armed members of the “Boko
Haram” in a village in the northern province of Borno, rescuing 520
hostages and killing 22 armed men; in another 11 villages, 309 were rescued
Three armed men were killed and one was arrested. On the day the military
successfully rescued the hostages, “Boko Haram” armed personnel
abducted another 16 women, including two teenage girls, in the neighboring province
of Adamawa. On December 24, 2016, Nigerian President Buhari announced that the
extremist organization Boko Haram has been destroyed and was driven out of the
last forest spot where its militants are fleeing and nowhere to hide. Bukhari’s
statement did not mention the whereabouts of Abu Bakar Sheikh, leader of the