I had a room full of interested attendees for my first History Revealed day. For those of you who are familiar with our Interpretation courses at the History Centre, this is a variation on a theme. I would like to extend the scope of this type of event which to date has been reliant on […]
General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR 2016) and the Data Protection Bill (2017)
Why GDPR and what does that mean?
• Why? Increasing volume of digital data and new ways of
processing it means greater risks of abuses of human rights
• GDPR = EU regulations about processing the “personal data of
natural persons” due to come in force 25 May 2018
• See: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/dataprotection/reform/files/regulation_oj_en.pdf
• Good overviews: https://www.eugdpr.org/eugdpr.org.html +
• The regulations can be modified by individual EU members and UK
currently has a bill in parliament:
•‘Personal data’ means any information relating to an identifiable
individual – the definitions of sensitive personal data have been
widened to include genetic and biometric data
•‘natural person’ means anyone who can be identified by any
reasonable means (eg by name, identity number, geographical
• We are assuming ‘natural person’ relates only to living
individuals as at present but there is a slight risk it could be
widened by Parliament – watch this space!
Principles – very similar to existing ones
under DP Act 1998
Personal data must be:
• Processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner
• Collected for specified explicit and legitimate purposes and not
further processed in a manner which is incompatible with them
– further processing for archiving purposes in the public
interest, scientific or historical research purposes is
• Adequate, relevant and limited to what is required for the
• Accurate and kept up to date (where necessary)
Personal data should be:
• Kept in a form where individuals can be identified no longer than
necessary (but may be kept longer for archiving or research
• Processed in a manner which is confidential, secure and avoids
accidental loss or theft – bodies holding personal data are
accountable for what happens to it
• Data subjects have a right to access their own data free of
charge and know why it is being processed
GDPR and children
• Children under age of 13 are not able to give consent for
• Children age 13-15 need parental consent as well as their own
• Children 16 and over can give consent
• Privacy impact assessments for new systems (eg a new
computer system) are now needed – systems should be
designed to minimise DP risks
• Publicize purposes for processing data (eg put a notice on your
website as to what you collect and why)
• Consent must be meaningful – need to explicitly opt in, and
must be able to leave mailing lists easily
• Right to be forgotten (but this doesn’t prevent archiving!)
• Tougher regime and higher fines for breaches (up to 4% of
global turnover or 20 m euros whichever is greater)
• Large organisations need a Data Protection Officer who can act
as whistle-blower – this won’t apply to local history groups
What does it mean for most groups?
• You will need to tell your members and anyone whose data you
hold what you are holding and why – a notice on your website
should be fine. Make sure any forms (inc online) used to gather
data include a data protection statement.
• If you get asked what you hold on a named individual you will
need to tell them but you only need to search computer
databases – you don’t need to worry about manual records
(public authorities are different – we do)
• You have an exemption from the need to rectify, delete or erase
data under the purposes of “processing for archiving purposes
and for scientific or historical research and statistical
purposes” – this applies to data you may have collected for that
purpose, not your own membership data
If you buy a new computer system to hold personal data you
need to carry out a data protection impact assessment
The good news!
• Don’t be scared of GDPR!
• The ICO is keen for ‘business as usual’ – reform rather than
• Further, more detailed guidance for archive services will be
coming from TNA once the bill has become law – at present this
is all subject to change… we will pass on details if they are
relevant but the ICO website can help in the meantime
Principal Archivist, Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre
On the evening of Thursday 16 November 2017 the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre was delighted to welcome renowned historian and television presenter, Michael Wood, as our guest speaker. Michael travelled from London to present a special one-off lecture to help celebrate our 10th anniversary as a History Centre, and the 70th anniversary of the archive service. It was very well attended by almost 180 people. All the profit from the talk went to support the work of the History Centre thanks to Michael generously waiving his fee.
Michael brought out the importance of archives for society through assisting our collective memory and understanding of the past. His colourful slides and video clips brought the shadowy Anglo-Saxon era to life. (Michael did his postgraduate research on Anglo-Saxon history and still retains a passion for it – he is due to publish a book on King Athelstan in 2018.)
Michael laid out the background to the Battle of Edington, which took place the second week of May 878. He explained how after a surprise attack at Christmas by the Danes at Chippenham, King Alfred hid in the Somerset marshes at Athelney, building a fortress there. Alfred called a levy at Ecgbryhtesstan (Egbert’s stone) which Michael attributes to Penselwood in Somerset. Alfred was joined by men from Somerset, Wiltshire and Hampshire, and quite possibly Dorset as well. The next day they moved to Iley Oak, just south of Warminster, and thence to Ethandun or Edington, in Wiltshire, where they made a surprise attack on Guthrum and the Danes. Michael argued that the conventional belief that the battle took place on the hillside overlooking the settlement is incorrect, and that the archival sources would indicate instead that the battle took place actually within the royal settlement, possibly on the site of the old vicarage of Edington. (Edington was one of Alfred’s family estates and he left a manor called ‘Ethandune’ to his wife in his will.) This needs to be followed up with archaeological investigation such as geophysical surveys to see if evidence of the battle can be found.
After the Battle Guthrum became baptised as Athelstan, and agreed to a treaty with Alfred in which the Danes would leave Wessex and return to East Anglia. In 879 they left Chippenham and went to Cirencester, and the year after to East Anglia. In 886 Alfred and Guthrum made a treaty which defined the boundaries of their kingdoms, and tried to establish peaceful commerce between them.
Michael ended his talk by discussing Alfred’s legacy and the fact that he is the only monarch remembered today as ‘The Great’. There are many myths and legends associated with Alfred, such as the burning of the cakes, which can turn Alfred into a bit of a figure of fun, but Michael reminded us that behind these myths lay a shrewd and intelligent military leader who promoted a revival in learning using texts written in English as well as Latin.
This immensely enjoyable and fascinating lecture was followed by a Q & A session and a well-earned vote of thanks from Councillor Richard Gamble. After that one or two lucky people managed to get Michael to sign copies of his books, before he was whisked off to catch his train back to London!
Claire Skinner, Principal Archivist, Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre
A highly informative interactive display about Wiltshire watermeadows is being hosted by the Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre, on view in November and December 2017. It includes video footage from a drone looking at a number of sites to give a new perspective.
The Redress of the Past: Historical Pageants in Britain 1905-2016 is a new free-to-use resource for local history: http://www.historicalpageants.ac.uk/pageants/
Dressing up and re-enacting the past through dramatic performance was a popular activity across much of twentieth-century Britain. Historical pageants were put on in villages, towns and cities up and down the country; hundreds of thousands of people were involved as volunteer actors, organizers, dressmakers, fund-raisers, and much else besides; millions more enjoyed these often large-scale events as spectators. Pageants told the stories of local communities through chronologically-ordered scenes or episodes featuring notable events from local history. Sometimes captured on film, these pageants are vivid, fascinating, and extraordinarily rich sources for local historical research.
Until recently, relatively little was known about the spread and extent of this ‘pageant fever’. But now a team of researchers have created a free, publicly-accessible database of historical pageants, available here. This database, which is fully searchable, contains detailed information about hundreds of historical pageants. Each pageant has its own entry, which includes factual material (e.g. names of organizers, dates and times of performances, financial profit/loss, content of episodes), but also a readable essay setting the event in its local and national context.
Few places in Britain were untouched by the pageant movement. Historical pageants were very popular in the south west, and you can find out about the events held in Wiltshire – and indeed elsewhere – by visiting our database. The Redress of the Past project website also contains a range of additional material and information, including images, details of some pageant films, and illustrated essays on particularly notable pageants.
A number of groups have found that pageants provide good subjects for talks, exhibitions, and projects of various kinds. In the last few years, for example, there have been exhibitions at Carlisle, Bury St Edmunds and Scarborough. You can read more about these exhibitions here. The Somerset & Dorset Family History Society has also started running a really interesting genealogical project on the performers who took part in the 1905 Sherborne pageant.
Please do spread the word about this project: we’d be delighted to hear what you think of it. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone on 0207 8481573.
It is that time of year again when the CILIP Local Studies Group start calling for submissions for the Alan Ball Award for Local History publishing. Once again there are categories for the best printed and the best digital publications released, this time published between July 2016 and June 2017. The award is open to all heritage and community organisations […]
This month marks 50 years of conservation areas in England, and the biggest birthday party of all is in Stamford, Lincolnshire.
Bemerton is situated to the west of Salisbury and was once a village in its own right. It was the home of George Herbert, rector of Bemerton from 1630 until his death three years later. Some of Herbert’s works were written whilst living at the rectory in Bemerton, and he also has links with nearby Fugglestone St. Peter (the mother church of Bemerton) where he also spent time with his congregation.
The Bemerton Local History Group was established in 2002 upon receipt of a Millennium Award which helped the group get up and running. They have published a number of books, including ‘Memories of Bemerton in Wartime’, ‘George Herbert in Bemerton’ (an excerpt from Ronald Blythe’s book Divine Landscapes which is now out of print) and ‘Memories of the Hut’, a fond look at Lower Bemerton’s Village Hall.
Social events include walks and parish tea parties. Their hopes for the future are to publish a history of Bemerton.
To find out more about the group please contact email@example.com
Diana Dixon from CILIP Local Studies Group committee presented the certificate for the 2016 Alan Ball Award to Peterborough Local Studies and Archives Service for their interactive website Peterborough in the Great War on May 3rd 2017. Despite keen competition this was clearly the winner and Diana pointed out how impressed she had been initially with looking at a changing display on Peterborough Station […]