Bangladeshi people’s life style revels Bangle
culture. It has included various social classes groups and religious diversity.
Bengali renaissance started 19th and 20th centuries
prominent writers, thinker, philosophers, saints, scientist, authors, painters,
filmmakers, researchers, music composers, played a significant role in the
advancement of Bengali culture. The assimilated influence of Islam, Hinduism,
Buddhism, Christianity, over the centuries is the main layout of Bangladeshi
culture. It is prevailed in variant forms, including music, dance, craft,
language and literature, philosophy and religion, festivals and celebrations,
furthermore distinct culinary and cuisine.
and Media: The Bangladeshi press is totally manifold for its
diverse characteristics. Almost all of the press is privately owned except few
published in the shade of political party, this party newspapers are often
biased to their party instead they promote political propaganda which is
totally unethical for media. Talking about Radio one name comes to mind Bangladesh
Betar. It has a historical background, contribution of this radio
station is immense to Bangladeshi liberation war. British Broadcasting Corporation
is known as BBC is very well known for its BBC Bangla programs. Voice of
America is famous as an alternative. Bangladesh Television is first TV channels
in Bangladesh which is government owned channel. However, now a days about more
than 30 private TV channels are broadcasting but BTV still able to sustain its
popularity by Itaddi Mega show, freedom of media is a burning question as
government attempts to censoring and harassing journalists. Bangladeshi Cinema
has a long history first cinema was broadcasted in Crown Theatre Dacca at 1898
it followed by the first Bioscope in this subcontinent. Bengali cinema hugely
patronized by Dacca Nawab family between 1920 and 1930. First Bengali full
length feature film was Last Kiss released by Bengali
Cinematography Society. During Pakistan regime the first cinema was Mukh
O Mukhos which released in 1956 following decade our film industry was
witnessed of 25 to 30 cinema’s production annually. Now a days, this production
boost to a peak of 100-120 film per year. This film industry made many famous
film and documentary maker, Zohir Raihan was most prominent and
legendry one, who unfortunately abducted at liberation war 1971. We lost
winner film maker Tareque Masud, for his film Matir Moina by a tragic
road accident in back 2012.
Boisakh: Pohela boisakh is first day of Bengali Year. It is
emerged at 14 March normally. This Calendar system introduced by Mughal emperor
the Great. To collect revenue from Tenants Muslim Hijri Calendar had been
used but there was a setback, Hijri calendar was counted according
to Lunar which is contradictory to solar agricultural methods. To minimize this
issue Bengali system was introduced later it become integral part of Bengali
culture. Pohela Boishakh is marked by starting of crop season. However, the
rituals of Pohela Boishakh are distinctive by its characters peoples from all
classes and religions commemorates it willingly. The festival date is set with
reference to lunisolar Bengali Calendar as the first of its month Boishakh
starts, specifically celebration is deferent comparing to villages and cities.
The celebration start in Dhaka at early morning with Mongol Shobhjatra, On 30 November 2016 the Mangal
Shobhajatra festival was selected as an intangible cultural heritage by the
Inter-governmental Committee on Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage
of UNESCO at
its 11th session, which was held in Addis
Ababa Ethiopia, this
is rudimentary rituals inaugurated at back 1985 at Jossore but become
familiar by Fine Arts Faculty of University of Dhaka. Now it is celebrated
by various organizations across the country. This is to observe three themes
with masks and floats, its Indicate evils, courage and peace. Different
religious creed, caste, gender and age observe this flock heritage. But in case
of villages celebration has another flavor, it marked by singing, stage
performance, and village fairs. New ledges open this day by every businessmen
which is part of heritage. In Bangladesh it is celebrated as public holyday and
also observed beyond religious boundaries.
Bangali weeding is outstanding for its distinctive features sometimes the
process needs several days to complete. Arrange marriage is common although,
now a days, love marriage is also becoming popular. Rituals start with visiting
bride it is a formal way which matchmaker take groom family to bride family
after formal conversation if the desire of both side fulfill than its comes to
marriage. However, among Muslim Denmohor is integral part of weeding
on the on the other hand Hindus marriage precondition is Dowry. In our tradition
marriage not only united a sacred union both girls and boys, bondage of two
family as well. Few decades ago bride and groom saw their partner first time in
weeding day. This culture drastically changed at cities now a day’s boys and
girls have right to say about their life partner. Matchmaker often played an
important role tor setting up two famities. The matchmaker who solve possible
misunderstanding between them. He introduced the fact about family history,
academic backgrounds, and social status. This very common to used Ghotok
as media in both city and village areas. Most of the time Ghotok is a person who knows both family, well sometimes Ghotok can be professional who take
payment for their service. However, todays matchmaker website playing an
effective role in this purpose. And finally one particular day boy’s family
visit girl’s family. This meeting is to make sure final agreement and familiar
with new relatives. Akdh or Engagement means marriage is final, there are many
local tradition about marriage which is distinctive from one another the
matrimonial ceremony can be longer few days. Finally the weeding end with Boubhat
which is also known as weeding reception.
and Celebrations: Every religion has their own
celebrations and festivals in addition to there are some common celebration
like Pohela Boishakh, Pous mula etc, however, among Muslim most famous
religious culture is Eid ul Fitre and Eid ul Adha, every years there are two
Eid when it’s come the whole country looks like festive mode. Government
announce 3 days long holy day but school
collage remain close more than seven days everybody remain busy with shopping and collecting ticket to go home roads and highways become
congested for excessive pressure all the city dealer. Durga Puja is sacred
festival according to Hindu doctrine which vastly is celebrated. On the other
hand Boddho Purnia and Christmas day is government holy day for Buddhism and
Christianity. Now a days all of the celebrations and festival observe commonly.
has several traditional dress code.
Women widely wear sharee often it reveals local design and color weather
it may be silk sharees, georgette or designer sharees also young female wear Salwar Kameez.
Traditional costume for man is Panjabi and Dhuti within bucolic people Lungi is
famous. In urban areas women also seen wearing western dress. Popularity of
Lungi at home for men are omnipresent.
first establish their dominance by conquering Nodia in 1204. Before
Ikhter Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtier Khilzi’s triumph majority of Bengali
people were believe in Hinduism, mass Hindu tenants converted to Islam to get
out of social cast system, however, todays senses show the new proportions of
four main religious groups. Bangladesh is ethnically homogenous with Bengali
comprising 98%of the population. Most of Bangladeshi people believe in Islam
but there are another minority like Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity.
Muslim constitute about 88% of its population while Hinduism is a considerable
minority of the country Sikh, Atheist, and Christianity is very minimal figure.
Religious coexistence in Bangladesh can be an example for rest of the worlds.
It is very common scenario that in the evening Muslim goes to Mosque on the
other hand Hindu women start their Pujas.
and Dance: Bangle music and dance has a separate
flavor which has some ramifications namely, Baul
song, Lalon song, Nazrul Giti, Modern songs etc. Now a
days, with the passage of time western songs are also becoming popular
especially among adolescence. Traditional songs has some insight beauty
whenever people listen it feel very happy cause it gives then some mental
happiness. On the other hand, dance has also some distinctive characteristic
along with tribal dance, local dance, and classical dance. Classical dance is
very eye-catching among all of this. Younger generation is more fascinating
about hip hop song.
and Culinary: The traditional Bengali society has
always been agrarian. The food habit of Bengali are almost similar, Milk is one
of the main source of nutrient as well as it is used to make various mouthwatering
food. Lentil, Vegetables, Meat, and Fish is the main diet. Domestic animals are
main source for milk, it is very common scenario of Bengali typical village
every affluent house must have a pond which fulfill the demand of animals protein.
However, Bangladesh is a riverine country it has many lakes, canals, etc which
provide huge amount of indigenous fishes more than 40 types of fishes are
available at those rivers. Hilsa, Prone, Pabda are famous throughout the country.
Rice is basic ingredient for diet vegetables are made differently according to