America, example, they are allowed to operate

America, the great, is
home to many citizens that come from all various kinds of backgrounds which
creates the melting pot that makes America so great. The Fourteenth Amendment
of the United States Constitution says, “All
person born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State
wherein they reside.” (law.cornell.edu) With that being said, if you are born
in America or naturalized, you are a citizen and entitled to the same treatment
as other citizens and no one is allowed to legally to discriminate against you.
The United States has a history of certain ethnic groups that are still targets
of unfair treatment today.

The first “settlers,” the
Native Americans at one point in history not considered citizens of the United
States but instead, part of their own self-governing nation. Native Americans
are the only ethnic group mentioned by name in the United States Constitution,
but the Constitution does not make clear how Native Americans are to be
treated. In 1942, Native Americans were granted citizen’s rights and also get
special “treatment” in the territory which they govern, for example, they are
allowed to operate casinos in states that do not allow gambling.

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People with Asian
ethnicity have actually been the victims of federal discrimination. In 1882,
Congress created the “Chinese Exclusion Act,” which was one of the first
federal laws aimed specifically at immigrants, which aimed to stop immigrants
from China. In Wong Kim Ark versus the United States (1898), the court ruled
that American citizenship is based on being born in America, not the
citizenship or nationality of one’s parents.  Wong was born in 1873 and raised in San
Francisco by his immigrant parents.

After a few years spent
in California, his parents went back to China. Wong often visited him but in
1895, his return to California was met with challenges. “Wong was prevented
from landing by customs, according to court documents, “upon the sole
ground that he was not a citizen of the United States.” He was
“restrained of his liberty,” detained by customs and the steamship
company. But he fought: Within less than two months of his detention, a writ of
habeas corpus was filed on Wong’s behalf, challenging the government officials’
actions. His case ultimately went from district court in Northern California to
the U.S. Supreme Court. In March 1898, the court decided on his behalf, citing
the 14th Amendment.” (scpr.org)

Like mentioned before,
America is a melting pot of many nationalities. People who don’t speak English
as their primary language, even if born and raised in America are often faced
with discrimination. Most recently, discrimination can be seen on social media.
Just recently a video surfaced on black Friday of a white woman confronted two
Asian-American women at a shopping store. The two women were speaking in
another language when a third woman confronted them by saying, “you’re in
America, you need to speak English” the younger of the two women, responded in
English that she is free to speak whichever languages she chooses and explained
to her, that even though she speaks another language, she is American as well
and Americans should not treat anyone the way she was treated in that moment.

The Fourteenth Amendment
Equal Protection Clause applies to anyone born in the United States and anyone
that has been naturalized. People who emigrate to the United States following
immigration rules and regulations generally are entitled to the same rights and
privileges as citizens of America with the exception of voting rights unless
they become citizens. Those who have come to America under different
circumstances and have violated laws dealing with immigration do not have identical
protections but still have some. They are usually eligible for medical and
educational services, but not for other social services.

Citizens with
disabilities are frequently discriminated against every day in America. This
could be some random person in the grocery store, your grandparents, or
eventually, over time yourself. Some people are born with disabilities, while
others “inherit” them through illnesses or accidents. “About 56.7 million
people — 19 percent of the population — had a disability in 2010, according to
a broad definition of disability, with more than half of them reporting the
disability was severe…” (census.gov) With that being said, about 1 in 5 people
in America has a disability and more often than not, are discriminated against
by employers. In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act became a law. “The
ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals
with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools,
transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general
public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities
have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.” (adata.org)

The Fourteenth Amendment
brings about many points, but the most known is equal protection. Without equal
protection where would America or its citizens be? Minorities, the elderly, the
disabled, and many more would not be protected or have rights. “illegal”
immigrants would not be able to receive the health care they are afforded in
America as well as the education provided. Without this amendment, the America
we know would crumble.